Header graphic for print
The Lay of the Land DEVELOPMENTS IN CANADIAN REAL PROPERTY LAW

Tag Archives: duty of good faith

Bhasin Two Years On: The Impact of Bhasin v. Hrynew on the Practice of Canadian Commercial Real Estate Law

Posted in Commercial

Edited and approved by Ben Leith

In 2014, the Supreme Court of Canada in Bhasin v. Hrynew (“Bhasin”) established good faith contractual performance as a general organizing principle of the common law of contract and created a specific duty of honesty in contractual performance – ultimately, imposing a stand-alone duty of good faith. Despite Justice Cromwell’s repeated assertions that the judgement in Bhasin was an incremental step in the common law, Canadian legal scholars and prominent Canadian law firms dubbed it a “landmark” decision that would transform the manner in which business parties performed their contractual obligations.… Continue Reading

Operating Cost Statements – How Much Information is Enough?

Posted in Commercial, Litigation

Operating Costs – they are discussed endlessly during the lease negotiations and then often become the most contentious ongoing issue between landlord and tenant.

The almost universal practice is that at the beginning of each year landlord estimates operating costs and tenant pays in instalments based on that estimate.  Shortly after the end of the year the landlord delivers a statement of operating costs for the past year which may be certified or audited depending on the provisions of the lease. … Continue Reading

What does the duty of good faith REALLY mean?

Posted in Commercial, Policy

Since the Supreme Court decision in Bhasin v Hrynew[1], which firmly established a duty of good faith in contractual relations, the exact contours of that duty have been a fairly open question. In a recent Ontario Superior Court case, 2336574 Ontario Inc. v 1559586 Ontario Inc.[2], the court examined what that duty looks like in a one-off real estate transaction between sophisticated commercial parties.… Continue Reading

Towards a General Duty of Good Faith Performance of Contractual Obligations – Maybe

The duty of good faith in contract law: the cautious and inconsistent approach of Canadian courts

Posted in Commercial, Litigation

Courts in common law Canadian jurisdictions have been reluctant to recognize any general duty to perform contractual obligations in good faith. Such a duty is a central tenet of American law under the Uniform Commercial Code and is a central tenet of Québec civil law, which recognizes a duty of good faith throughout the contracting process. But common law courts in Canada, like their counterparts in England, have been loath to recognize any general duty. They have also been very inconsistent, finding a host of ad hoc circumstances in which a duty of good faith performance exists, but without ever … Continue Reading